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How to Grow Mushrooms in Minecraft

Table of Contents:

  1. Understanding Mushrooms in Minecraft

  2. Essential Tools and Materials for Mushroom Farming

  3. Mushroom Farming Techniques

  4. Advanced Tips for Mushroom Farming

  5. Troubleshooting and Common Issues


If you're a Minecraft enthusiast, you know that mastering the art of farming is crucial to thriving in the game. One of the most versatile and valuable resources in Minecraft is the humble mushroom, which can be used for a variety of purposes such as crafting mushroom stew, fermenting spider eyes, and even decoration. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of mushroom farming in Minecraft, offering you detailed insights, tips, and tricks to help you cultivate these fantastic fungi efficiently.

Various types of mushrooms found in Minecraft, including red and brown mushrooms, showcasing their unique appearances."

Understanding Mushrooms in Minecraft

1.1 Types of Mushrooms

There are two primary types of mushrooms in Minecraft: red and brown mushrooms. Both varieties can be found in various biomes and are used in several crafting recipes. While their functions and uses are similar, they have distinct appearances and natural habitats.

1.2 Natural Generation and Biomes

Mushrooms naturally generate in various biomes across the Minecraft world, with certain biomes having a higher likelihood of mushroom spawns. Some of the most common biomes where you can find mushrooms include:

  • Forests and Wooded Hills

  • Swamps

  • Dark Forests

  • Mushroom Fields

  • Caves

1.3 Uses of Mushrooms

Mushrooms serve multiple purposes in Minecraft, such as:

  • Crafting mushroom stew, a replenishing food source

  • Creating fermented spider eyes, an essential ingredient for potion brewing

  • Growing giant mushrooms for decorative purposes or for obtaining large amounts of mushroom blocks

Essential Tools and Materials for Mushroom Farming

2.1 Light Levels

Mushrooms are sensitive to light, requiring specific light levels to grow. Both red and brown mushrooms thrive in light levels of 12 or lower. To ensure optimal growth, be mindful of light sources such as torches, lanterns, or sunlight.

2.2 Substrates

Mushrooms can grow on various substrates, including grass, dirt, coarse dirt, podzol, mycelium, and allium. While they can grow on most of these blocks, mycelium and nylium encourage faster growth rates.

2.3 Space and Layout

Providing ample space between mushrooms is vital for efficient growth. Mushrooms spread to adjacent blocks, but only if there are fewer than five mushrooms of the same type within a 9x9 square area.

An outdoor Minecraft mushroom farm nestled under trees in a forest biome, providing natural shade for ideal growing conditions."

Mushroom Farming Techniques

3.1 Indoor Farming

Indoor mushroom farming is ideal for controlling light levels and protecting your crops from potential threats. To create an indoor mushroom farm, follow these steps:

  1. Choose a suitable location, such as a cave or an underground room.

  2. Prepare the ground with appropriate substrates.

  3. Ensure the light level remains at 12 or lower by using low-light emitting sources.

  4. Plant your mushrooms

  5. Space mushrooms apart to encourage growth and prevent overcrowding.

  6. Regularly harvest your mushrooms to maintain a productive farm.

3.2 Outdoor Farming

Outdoor mushroom farming can be more challenging due to fluctuating light levels and exposure to external factors. However, it can still be a successful endeavor by following these steps:

  1. Select a suitable biome or location with natural shade, such as a forest or swamp.

  2. Ensure the substrate is appropriate for mushroom growth.

  3. Plant your mushrooms under trees, cliffs, or other structures that provide shade.

  4. Continuously monitor light levels to maintain optimal growth conditions.

  5. Harvest mushrooms frequently to prevent overcrowding and ensure continued growth.

3.3 Automatic Farming

For more advanced players, setting up an automatic mushroom farm can significantly improve efficiency. Automatic farms use redstone components and pistons to automate the harvesting process. Here's how to build a simple automatic mushroom farm:

  1. Construct a dark room or chamber to control light levels effectively.

  2. Set up a suitable substrate and plant your mushrooms.

  3. Install pistons connected to a redstone circuit, with a timer or observer blocks, to push the mushrooms off their substrate when they grow.

  4. Place hoppers or water streams beneath the farm to collect harvested mushrooms and funnel them into a chest for storage.

A well-lit indoor mushroom farm in Minecraft with optimal light levels and ample spacing for efficient growth."

Advanced Tips for Mushroom Farming

4.1 Mushroom Spread Mechanics

Understanding mushroom spread mechanics is essential for maximizing your farm's productivity. Mushrooms spread by creating a new mushroom on a valid adjacent block. To facilitate growth, ensure your farm has adequate space and conforms to the 9x9 rule mentioned earlier.

4.2 Harvesting Efficiency

Efficient harvesting techniques can significantly improve your mushroom farming experience. Use tools such as hoes or axes with the Fortune enchantment to increase the number of mushrooms dropped when harvesting.

4.3 Farming Giant Mushrooms

Giant mushrooms can be an excellent source of mushroom blocks and provide a unique aesthetic to your farm. To grow giant mushrooms:

  1. Plant a mushroom on a suitable substrate.

  2. Use bone meal on the planted mushroom.

  3. The mushroom will transform into a giant mushroom, providing numerous mushroom blocks when harvested.

Troubleshooting and Common Issues

5.1 Identifying Problems

Mushroom farming can present some challenges, such as slow growth or lack of spreading. Common issues include:

  • Inadequate light levels

  • Incorrect substrate

  • Overcrowding

5.2 Solutions and Prevention

To address these issues, ensure you:

  • Maintain optimal light levels.

  • Use appropriate substrates.

  • Space mushrooms apart to allow for adequate growth and spreading.


Mushroom farming in Minecraft can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience, providing valuable resources for crafting, decoration, and sustenance. By following this guide and understanding the nuances of mushroom growth, you can create an efficient and thriving mushroom farm. Whether you choose indoor, outdoor, or automatic farming techniques, mastering the art of mushroom cultivation will undoubtedly enhance your Minecraft experience.

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